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教育学中的“关心”意蕴

作者: 文章来源:亚博APP-亚博APP手机版 发布时间: 2011-04-21

    jiaoyuneibushijiezhongdeguanxin,shijiaoshiduixueshengshengmingzhengtideguanxin,bujinjinguanxinxueshengdezhishihejineng、guochengyufangfa,erqiehaiguanxinxueshengdeqinggan、taidu、jiazhiguandengxueshengshengmingdeqitachengfen。jiaoshiyaoyongshengmingzhengtidesiweijianxingguanxin,rangxueshengmuyuyangguang、xiangshouwennuan,quanmianhexiedifazhan。

  “guanxin”shirenjirenleishehuipubiancunzaidepinzhi,zhiyaorenyurenzhijiancunzaiguanlian,renleishehuicunzaiqunjuhuodong,tajiuhuoduohuoshao、huononghuodandicunzaiyuwomendezhouweihezhuduohuodongzhong,weixizhewomendetuanjieyuxiezuo,tuidongzhewomendejinbuyuhexie。you“guanxin”dedifang,jiuyourenjiandewennuanheqieyi,jiuyoudonglihelangman;shiqule“guanxin”,renjiuyoukenengbiandelengmohewuqing,renshengdeguangmingheqianchengjiuyoukenengzouxiangandan,shijieyejiangyincierbiande“bingleng”。zhexuejiahaidegeerdui“guanxin”jinxingleshengcunbentiyiyishangdechanshi,“guanxinjishirenduiqitashengmingsuobiaoxiandetongqingtaidu,yeshirenzaizuorenheshiqingshiyansudekaolv。guanxinshizuishenkedekewang,guanxinshiyishunjiandelianmin,guanxinshirenjiansuoyoudedanxin、youhuanhekutong。womenmeishimeikedoushenghuozaiguanxinzhizhong,tashishengmingzuizhenshidecunzai。”kejian,guanxinduiyuwomenshengminggetidejiankangchengzhang、duiyurenyushehui、renyuzirandehexiefazhanzhiguanzhongyao,tadejiazhiheyiyishenyuan。

  hewei“guanxin”?zheishikansirongyi,qishihennanbiaodaqingchudewenti。neier·nuodingsicongguanxinlunlixuechufa,baguanxinmiaoshuweiguanxizhongdeshengmingzhuangtai,erbushiyitaojutidexingwei。neier·nuodingsirenwei,guanxinshiyizhongshengmingxingdeguanxi,erbujinjinshiyizhongmeidehepinzhi;tahaikeyishiyizhongnengli,renmenyongyouzheizhongnengli,keyibangzhutamenjianliguanxinderenjiguanxi,huozhebangzhutamenguanxinwuzhishijiehejingshenshijie;guanxindedachengxuyaoyifangfuchuguanxin,lingyifangjieshouguanxin,ruguoyifangchulewenti,guanxinguanxijiuhuizaoshoupohuai。

  shishishang,guanxindeneihanbushidanweide,yebushipingmiande,ershijiqifuzahefengfude。duiyubutongderenheshiwu,guanxindeneihanbushidengtongde,ershiyoubiede,shenzhiyoushihuweimaodun、bicichongtu。guanxinshiyouhenduohuanjiezuchengde。shouxian,guanxindedacheng,biranlibukaiguanxinzhehebeiguanxinzhe。meiyouguanxinzhe,guanxindexingweiziranerranbunengchengli。tongyang,meiyoubeiguanxinzhe,guanxinzhejiuhuimeiyouzhixiangwu,guanxinxingweijiuhuichengweixuhuanzhiwu。guanxinzhe,yibanshizhiren,shiyuren、shehuiheziranfashengguanxideren。beiguanxinzheshizhirenheshiwu。qici,chuleguanxinzhehebeiguanxinzhezhiwai,guanxindegouchenghailibukaitamenzhijiandeguanxinxingwei。zheizhongguanxinxingweishiguanxingouchenghuoxingchengdeyigeshifenzhongyaodeqiantihetiaojian。guanxinshiyouguanxinzhehebeiguanxinzheyijiguanxinzheduibeiguanxinzhedeguanxinxingweigoucheng。likaileguanxindezheisanzhongchengfenzhongderenheyizhong,guanxinyejiubunengxingcheng。zhiyouzheisanzhongchengfentongshijubei,guanxincainengchengweizhenzhengyiyishangdeguanxin。lingwai,guanxinyuguanzhu、guanhuai、guanaicunzaizhemingxiandequbie。guanzhuyiweizhemourenduimourenhuomoushidezhuyi、liuyi,shirendeyizhongxinlitaidu;erguanxinchuleshiyizhongxinlizhiwai,haishiyizhongxingwei。guanhuaiwangwangxianxiandeshiyizhongbupingdengde、zishangerxiadezitai,zhinengzhixiangren;erguanxinkeyishipingdengde,yekeyishibupingdengdezitai,takezhixiangren,yekezhixiangwu。guanaishiguanaizheduibeiguanaizhedeyizhongguanxinheai,tadeqinggannongduchaoyueleguanxindechengdu。

  xiangyingdi,zaijiaoyuwaibushijiehejiaoyuneibushijie,guanxindeneironghexingshijuyoubuwenhexing,huozheshuojuyoubuyizhixing。zaijiaoyuwaibushijie,renduirendeguanxin,keyizhixiangrendemougefangmianhuomoujigefangmian,huozheyekeyizhixiangrendequanbu。ranerzaijiaoyuneibushijie,renduirendeguanxinjuyouteshudehanyiyuxinggetezheng,zheishiyoujiaoyuneibushijiedexingzhiheshimingsuojuedingde。zhongsuozhouzhi,jiaoyushipeiyangrendehuodong,qiyiqiegongzuodoushiweirao“ren”zheigeqiantilaijinxingde。buguanshi“shehuibenwei”dejiaoyutizhi,haishi“gerenbenwei”dejiaoyutizhi,qiluojiqidiandoushicong“ren”kaishi。shenmeshi“ren”?rendebenzhijiushirendeshengming,tashiquedingxinghebuquedingxingdetongyi,zheizhongkanfazaixueshujieyijingdachengjibendegongshi。shizhishang,jiaoyucujin“ren”dechengzhang,jiushipeiyanghecujinrendeshengmingzhengtichengzhang。zaijiaoyuneibushijiezhong,jiaoshiduixueshengdeguanxinjiushiduixueshengshengmingzhengtideguanxin,erbujinjinbiaoxianduixueshengshengmingzhongmougechengfendeguanxin。jiaoshiguanxinlexuesheng,yaomanzusangeqiantitiaojian,jijiaoshifuchuleguanxin,bingyouguanxindexingwei,tongshixueshengyequeshiganshouhejieshoulelaizijiaoshideguanxinxingwei。fouze,jiaoshidezhenzhengguanxinjiumeiyoudacheng。

  zhangqiyilai,jiaoshishifen“guanxin”xueshengduizhishidehuodeqingkuang,erduixueshengshengmingzhongdeqinggan、taidu、jiazhiguandengjingshencengmiandeneironghushihuozhewangque,yizhiyuyinqixueshengjingchangbaoyuan: “laoshibuguanxinwo”,“laoshibulijiewo”……laoshimenqueweici“fenfenbuping”,zongjuedezijishihenguanxinxueshengde。raner,tamende“guanxin”quedebudaoxueshengderenkehuochengren。zheirutongneier·nuodingsisuoshuo: “daduoshujiaoshiqinqinkenkendigongzuo,bingqieshengchengtamenxinlizhuangzhexuesheng。jiaoshimenyexuqueshiyuanyiguanxinxuesheng,zheishihenzhongyaode。danwentizaiyu,tamenwufayuzijidexueshengchenggonggoutong,jianliguanxinhebeiguanxindeshuangbianguanxi。”jiuqishizhi,shishishangshijiaoshide“guanxin”chulewenti。jiaoshisuolijiedeguanxin,buyidingdoushijiaoyuneibushijiezhongdeguanxin。jiaoyuneibushijiezhongdeguanxinshizhizaijiaoyujiaoxuezhongjiaoshiduixueshengshengmingzhengtichengzhangdeguanxin,erbujinshiduixueshengshengmingbufenshuxingdeguanxin。weishenmewomenzongshitingdaoxueshengduijiaoshidebaoyuan,jiushiyinweijiaoshisuozhixingdeguanxin,shiyizhong“canquedeguanxin”huo“pianmiandeguanxin”。jiaoyuneibushijiezhongdeguanxin,shijiaoshiduixueshengshengmingzhengtideguanxin,bujinjinguanxinxueshengdezhishihejineng、guochengyufangfa,erqiehaiguanxinxueshengdeqinggan、taidu、jiazhiguandengxueshengshengmingdeqitachengfen。jiaoshiyaoyongshengmingzhengtidesiweijianxingguanxin,rangxueshengmuyuyangguang、xiangshouwennuan,quanmianhexiedifazhan。

 

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